Partial Blame Should Fall on Adobe

I like to consider myself a long time Apple user, but that would be an insult to those who have been using Mac products since before my birth. However, in the last ten years, I have used Apple products, almost exclusively. I spent three years working at an Apple Authorized Service Provider, repairing Apple products, primarily working on computer hardware and software (I dabbled in iOS devices for about a year). That being said, I have repaired many Macs that are infected with malware, trying to rid them of issues. One commonly recurring problem has been one threat vector, that I would say was the cause to over 75% of malware-infected machines was the utilization of a fake Adobe Flash Player installer.


I don’t have enough fingers and toes to count the number of times I have talked to someone who has a Mac infected with malware, and it occurred when they “received a notification for an Adobe Flash update” while perusing a website. They then click on the update link. Suddenly, they have a malware problem.

Screen Shot 2019-03-21 at 7.01.46 PM.png

Attackers have made their fake Adobe Flash Player downloaders look more and more like the real thing. Now when I say “the real thing," I don’t necessarily mean that it looks just like Adobe’s installation webpage, but they do make it look legitimate. Take a look at the image to the right. It is a piece of malware that is wrapped to look like a downloader for an Adobe Flash Player update. Now typically these pop-ups occur on websites that aren’t secure. One common theme I would see frequently is a pop-up after pirating media, whether it be ripping YouTube videos, or on well known torrenting sites. I have typically placed 99% of the blame directly on Apple for multiple reasons. The first and foremost is that they have been known to spread the rumor that “Macs don’t get viruses.” Again, this is an all-out falsehood. Apple tried very hard to make that phrase popular, but the truth is that Mac malware has been skyrocketing.

You see a large amount of the malicious software installed on users that are under 25 years of age and over 55. I think the reason for this depends on the group. For the older generation, they are typically more trustworthy. They can’t rationalize why someone would want to infect their computer, and their thought process is understanding.

I thought that there had to be more to this issue than simply Apple’s issue of not cracking down hard enough of malware. The Macs built-in protection, in the form of MRT (Malware Removal Tool) and XProtect, simply don’t work well enough. You need supplemental software to protect your machine. A follow-up issue to that is that these malware removal apps are not available in the App Store. Actually, let me clarify - there are apps in the App Store, but they are not good. To host your app in the App Store, there has to be very specific things it can and can’t do. Some of the things that Apple restricts in their App Store are necessary for a good A/V (antivirus) to have. I’ll give you some great malware-removal tools and AVs at the bottom of this post.

So where does Adobe fit into all of this?

It’s obvious that this threat vector is extremely common. But why? I started digging through Adobe’s webpages, and I started looking into their release notes. Typically, when a piece of software is provided an update by the developer, the developer also includes “Release Notes,” which is, usually, a short summary or itemized list of bugs that were fixed, glitches that were resolved, security issues patched, and on and on. When you look at the release notes for Adobe Flash Player, the list is incredibly long. Not just the list of release notes, but the number of releases.


It’s not unlike Adobe to push out more than one update/release per month. This is a lot of releases. They’re averaging one/month so far in 2019, and averaged above that throughout 2018. What this does is shows that Adobe’s Flash Player truly does need to be updated regularly, and as users, we have become so accustomed to this software’s need for updates that since Adobe Flash Player’s inception in 1996, users constantly blindly trust that Adobe does need to update its software. Why? Because we’re used to it actually needing to be updated. When Adobe is typically giving you monthly notifications that you need to update their software to navigate to certain websites or to watch videos on specific webpages, we don’t get surprised when we navigate to a certain website, get a pop-up saying the software needs to be updated, and click Accept. Now we definitely shouldn’t just be clicking Accept on random websites just because we see a pop-up saying that Adobe Flash Player needs to be updated, however, how come we’ve never criticized Adobe for pushing these monthly releases or for not being more forthcoming about how malware uses their logo and name to mask themselves. The only place you’ll see this type of comment on an Adobe website is on their forums, where users are asking about how to get rid of malware after installing a fake Adobe Flash Player. So I’m calling for Adobe to step up to the plate and address this issue that has be plaguing Mac users for years now.


Since it’s unlikely this issue will be resolved any time soon, let’s play a little defense. There are many pieces of software that can help prevent malware and can detect these fake Adobe installers the second they hit your machine. There are also additional tools for more advanced users that can help you do a little digging.

For me, the best piece of software you have have is Malwarebytes for Mac. Malwarebytes for Mac, which used to be a piece of software called Adware Medic, was created by Thomas Reed and was used to search a computer for malware, adware, and potentially unwanted software. The software used to be free, but now it is a mostly paid software that is subscription-based. If you’re frustrated that you can’t necessarily just buy the software outright, I will explain right now that everything is going the way of subscriptions. There’s no way to get around it. For developers, subscriptions is a more effective way to get and keep subscribers. Malwarebytes still has a limited free version that will clean your Mac, but it’s preventative features will disable after the 14-day trial expires. I highly, highly recommend buying the Premium subscription, that runs at only $39.99/year for one device. You won’t find a better deal than that or a better product. (By the way, this is in no way a sponsored post, this is simply my opinion). Another great part of Malwarebytes is that now they offer an iOS app, which will help you recognize spam calls, provide web protection, and ad blocking. Again, I can’t recommend it enough.


Another piece of software is brought to you by the incredible folks over at Objective See. All of the software you find over at Objective See is both open source and free. They offer something called What’s Your Sign. This small program, once installed, allows you to right-click on software and see if it is “signed.” All software is signed. This means that the developer has digitally signed it to show that it is authentic. When you right-click the Signing Info option, you get a small window that shows if it is signed. We see in the image to the right that the signing authority is Objective See LLC, who is the creator of What’s Your Sign. So with something like Adobe, we should see that the software is assigned by Adobe proper, similarly to how apps coming from Apple’s App Store need to be signed by Apple proper. We also see in the above photo, the lock is locked.


Now let’s look at this fake Adobe Flash Player. Notice how the lock is unlocked, and it says that the signing authority is unsigned.

Objective See and the app’s creator, Patrick Wardle, make fantastic tools that you should check out. Check them out at

As per usual, let me know if you have questions regarding your machine. See something suspicious, don’t hesitate to tell me.

Is This A Scam - Part I

This was originally published on February 22, 2018. I have since updated the police log to reflect the scams since February 15, 2018 through July 29, 2018

Corvallis Police Department Reports (Oregon)

July 26
THEFT: 7:37 p.m., [address omitted]
A man told police he was contacted by someone purporting to be a Chinese official and who informed him he needed to transfer $10,000 into an account at the Bank of China to ensure it was "clean" because it could have been involved in an "economic crime." The man transferred the money and then realized he may have been scammed. Police told the man to cancel the wire transfer and to report the incident to authorities in China.

July 17
SCAM: 11:08 a.m.,[address omitted]
A woman told police she listed two Country Music Festival tickets on Craigslist for $400 and received an offer out of California for $1,300 if she’d send $960 via Western Union to someone in New York. The woman said she did this and was later informed by her bank that the check she deposited was fraudulent.

SCAM: 1:58 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told deputies she met a man on Facebook a few months ago and the man told her he was in a hospital in South Carolina and needed money for surgery. The woman said she gave the man $1,000 in Amazon gift cards and the man asked for $2,000 more. The woman wanted to verify she was scammed and deputies told her she was. They discussed ways to prevent the incident from occurring again.

SCAM: 10:03 a.m., [address omitted]
A woman told troopers she received an email that contained a check for $928. The woman was instructed to cash the check and buy something for the suspect and keep the change. The woman deposited the check and spent the money but did not send any money to the suspect. The bank then informed the woman the check was fraudulent and requested the money back.

July 6
SCAM: 12:53 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she paid $299.99 to Microsoft for a subscription to keep her computer clean of viruses. The woman later realized it was a scam and canceled the check before it reached the recipient. Police think the scam involved international perpetrators and discontinued the investigation.

June 30
SCAM: [address omitted]
A person reported they received a phone call from someone claiming to be a Benton County Sheriff’s Office deputy. The caller told the person they had missed jury duty and needed to pay $3,000. The person bought $1,000 in Google Play cards and sent photos of the cards to the caller.

June 30
SCAM: 6 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported that some Chinese nationals called her posing as members of the Chinese consulate in San Francisco. They said that Shanghai police officers wanted to speak to the woman about some bank accounts opened in her name through the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China. The woman spoke with alleged Shanghai police officers, who stated she would be arrested if she could not prove she did not open the accounts. They convinced her to wire $90,000 to a bank account in Hong Kong with a promise of it being returned once her innocence was proven. The woman later realized the call was fraudulent.

June 19
SCAM: 11:23 a.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he had met a person online who identified herself as Ingrid Nugent and they had entered into a relationship. The man said $4,500 was deposited into his account by a person Nugent said was her attorney. Nugent then asked the man to send $4,064 by iTunes gift cards and money gram to Nigeria, which he did. The check deposited into the man’s account subsequently was declined.

June 15
SCAM: [address omitted]
A woman reported she had been having problems posting a video to Facebook, so she Googled a support number for Facebook. She called a number she found and was told her problem could be fixed if she provided $700 worth of gift cards. The woman bought the gift cards and provided the card's numbers to someone she believed to be a Facebook support employee. After providing the gift card information, the woman’s problem was resolved. The woman was informed by the person she called that if she provided another $300 worth of gift card information she would be reimbursed her money. She started to believe she was scammed and called police.

June 12
SCAM: 7:23 p.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he received a call from a person identifying himself as "Deputy Dale Ingram" with the Benton County Sheriff’s Office. The caller said the man had two failure to appear warrants and could pay the fine over the phone or be arrested. The man said he bought two Green Dot cards for $972 and read the numbers to the caller. When the man reported the incident to deputies, they informed him he was the victim of a scam.

June 5
SCAM: 4:17 p.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he was contacted by someone stating they were from the hospital and told him a Benton County deputy was trying to reach him. The man said he was contacted the following day by someone saying they were Sheriff Ingram with the Benton County Sheriff’s Office and that the man had a warrant for his arrest. The caller told the man he needed to buy two “Money Pak” cards with $494 on each to clear the warrants. The man purchased the cards and gave the caller the identification numbers. The man said he tried calling the number back, but there was no answer. Police tried calling the number but it went to an automated message machine and then the call ended.

May 31
SCAM: [address omitted]
A man told police he had listed his Microsoft Surface Book online for sale and was contacted by someone named “Yani Pedro” who wanted to purchase it. The man set up payment for the computer through PayPal and mailed the computer to an address in Houston. However, the man never received payment and discovered the email he was sent about PayPal was a scam.

May 15
SCAM: 4:37 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she received a phone call at work from a woman who claimed to work for the state police. The caller told the woman that she did not file a Form 8886 with the IRS, and they were going to issue a warrant for her arrest. The woman said the caller instructed her to buy 12 gift cards worth $500 a piece. The woman told police she spoke to her bank and gave the caller some of her information, and then went to Wal-Mart to try and buy the gift cards. The woman said she tried twice to buy the gift cards, but her transactions were declined. Police informed her she had been scammed.

May 15
SCAM: [address omitted]
Police responded to Citizens Bank after a man cashed a fraudulent check. Officers contacted the man, and after he refused to remove his hands from his pockets, they placed him in handcuffs. The man told police he received the check in the mail from a Craigslist ad and was supposed to provide the account information to the sender. The man had deposited the $2,000 check on Monday and withdrew $200 of it. The bank then realized the check was fraudulent. Officers informed the man he had been scammed and released him. He returned to the bank the remaining cash he had from the $200 and was informed his account would be closed.

May 3
SCAM: 2:08 p.m., [address omitted]
A man told troopers he had received a call from a person posing as a Lane County deputy who claimed he had two warrants for his arrest. The “deputy” told the man he could turn himself in to the sheriff’s office or pay two payments of $489 in Green Dot Moneypak cards. The man sent the money.

April 26
SCAM: 4:25 p.m., [address omitted]
A man reported his brother, who has dementia, received a phone call from someone claiming to be the county sheriff. The caller claimed the man had missed jury duty and there would be a warrant for his arrest if he did not pay $1,500 via prepaid MoneyPaks. The man stayed on the phone with the caller while he purchased the debit cards and provided the card numbers to the caller over the phone.

April 2
SCAM: 9:38 a.m., [address omitted]
Police responded to Jimmy John’s for a fraud complaint. An employee told officers a man had called the shop stating he was from the corporate office. The man told the store manager that the shop was being investigated for employee theft and needed to provide the corporate office with $1,000 in gift cards. The manager drove to Fred Meyer, purchased two Visa gift cards and sent the images of the front and back of both cards to the phone number provided by the caller. A different employee had the cards locked so they could not be used.

March 22
SCAM: 12:10 p.m., [address omitted]
Two people told police they posted an ad on Craigslist seeking housing. They said they were contacted via email by “Larry Dunkin,” who claimed he lived out of state but was renting out 950 SE Powell Ave. The two people agreed to wire $800 via Western Union for the deposit, and Dunkin was to mail the keys. After they wired the money, Dunkin demanded $2,700 for three months’ rent before he would send the keys. The people refused to send the money. Police determined the house was not for rent.

Feb 27
SCAM: 3:38 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she placed an ad on Craigslist to rent a room. An individual responded and assumed they had been selected as the next tenant and sent a check to the woman for $3,500. When the woman informed the person she would not rent a room to them, the person told her to cash the check and send a money order back in return. The woman knew it was a scam and gave the check to police.

Feb 25
SCAM: 2 p.m., [address omitted]
A man told police that someone, whom he believed to be a woman in Colorado, added him on Facebook. They video chatted and the man exposed his genitals. The other person then told the man that if he did not pay $500, they would post a video of his genitals online. The suspect wanted a money order sent to the Ivory Coast. The suspect’s Facebook account has since been deactivated.

Feb 21
SCAM: 4:12 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman said she received a phone call from someone claiming to work for Microsoft. The caller told her that her computer’s virus protection had expired and he could clear her computer of viruses for $499.99. The woman gave the caller her debit card information, as well as remote control of her computer. She later realized it was a scam and noticed a second charge for $512 on her bank statement.

Feb 15
SCAM: 8:34 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she met a man online who claimed to have lost his wallet while on vacation. The woman sent the man $600 via Western Union. The following day, Western Union’s fraud department called her and said they felt she had fallen for a scam and put a hold on the transaction. The woman then received a call from someone claiming to be an FBI special agent and who said they knew about her involvement with the first man and that she was under investigation as a potential terrorist. The caller told her she needed to send $600 via money order to a judge in Florida, which she did.

Feb 15
SCAM: 10:30 a.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he sold a computer on Craigslist to “Tonnie Hooker III” for $770. He said he received a check in the mail for $2,300 with instructions to send the rest back via Western Union. The man wired the money from his bank account and then found out the check did not clear, for a total loss of $1,530. The man said “Hooker” had told him he would arrange for someone to pick up the computer in person but the person never arrived.

Feb. 14
SCAM: 11:38 a.m., [address omitted]
A man told police he had received a $2,450 check from Dial America Marketing with the agreement he would do bookkeeping for the business for $200 a week. The man said he was told to redistribute the funds by wiring the money to a Walmart in Texas, which he did. His bank later told him the check he received was fraudulent. The man lost a total of $2,450.

Feb 5
SCAM: 11:03 p.m., [address omitted]
Police responded after an employee at Burger King received a phone call from someone asking her where they keep the money and how much was in their safe. An officer took the phone and asked who he or she was speaking with. The caller promptly hung up. The employee who answered the phone said the caller claimed they were doing an FBI investigation for corporate and asked the employee to take money out of the safe and meet them nearby. The employee realized it was a scam and kept the caller on the phone until police arrived.

Feb 1
SCAM: 10:24 a.m., [address omitted]
A man told police he received an email on his OSU account regarding a job offer from a biotech company where he could earn $200 a week. The man said he received a check for $2,400, which he deposited into his bank account. He said he was asked to transfer $1,680 to someone in Texas via Western Union, at which point he realized it was a scam.

Jan 25
SCAM: 10 a.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported receiving messages from phone number 443-342-4190 stating her Social Security number had been stolen. She told police she called her mother, who called the number back and spoke to someone who said the Social Security number was being used by drug traffickers in Texas to send money to Mexico. The woman’s daughter called the people back and was advised to get all the money from her bank account, put it on Walmart gift cards and give the card numbers to them, which she did. The caller stated the money would be refunded to her the next day by a police officer. When that didn’t happen, she looked up the phone number and discovered it was a scam.

Jan 17
SCAM: 3:44 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she accepted a job from a Craigslist post and was sent a check from an individual who identified himself as Taiwo Ayeni. The woman said she cashed the check and sent $850 via Western Union to her new employer's “supplier.” The woman said the employer then requested she buy several iTunes gift cards with the remainder of the money. The woman said that sounded odd and she contacted her bank, which informed her the check she deposited was not legitimate and she was most likely the victim of a scam. The woman said she sent a message to the original sender saying she was not sending anything to him. She said the posting on Craigslist has since been deleted.

Jan 12
SCAM: 2:22 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported receiving a phone call from a man who stated her identity had been stolen. The man told her to buy a $1,500 gift card from Target and provide the security code to him, which she did. She also gave the man the last four digits of her Social Security number, a picture of her and the name of her bank. The woman said the man spoke with an accent and called from the number 443-648-5751.

Jan 8
SCAM: 1:08 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported receiving a phone call from a man who identified himself as Benton County Sheriff's Deputy Cook at phone number 541-847-5100 (the Benton County Sheriff’s Office Monroe number). The man told her she had a "contact warrant" for missing jury duty and needed to pay her bail before getting off the phone with him or she would be arrested. The woman said she stayed on the phone with him while she drove to Safeway, purchased a $2,000 MoneyPack gift card and then drove to the Law Enforcement Center, where she provided him with the gift card number over the phone. The woman said the caller told her the gift card did not work and to purchase additional gift cards. She said she asked him to come out of the Law Enforcement Center and she would give him the physical card, and he disconnected the call. The woman then realized it was a scam and went inside to report it.

Dec 19, 2017
SCAM: 9:41 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she received a call from 443-579-5816 and a man identifying himself as “Richard Gomez with the Federal Marshals” told her that her social security number was being cancelled due to pending criminal charges. The woman stated Gomez instructed her to take all the money out of her bank account and buy Walmart gift cards. The woman bought $2,675 worth of Walmart gift cards and provided Gomez with the pin number on the back of each card. Gomez told the woman the charges would be dropped and her social security number would be reactivated. Police have no suspects.

Dec 4, 2017
SCAM: 6:39 a.m., [address omitted]A man reported he met a girl on the website Chatroulette about two years ago and began video chatting with her via Skype. The man said that on Sunday he received a message via Skype demanding $400 or the sender would disseminate explicit videos or photographs to the man’s Facebook friends. The sender requested the money be sent to the Philippines. No suspects were identified.

Dec 4, 2017
SCAM: 3:50 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she had received a pop-up on her computer stating it was hacked and she needed to call 1-855-236-8222. She spoke with a man by the name of Ben Carter, who told her to write a check for $249.99, scan it and send it to him to remove the virus. The woman did so and later learned it was a scam.

Dec 1, 2017
SCAM: 2:15 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she received a call from her boss informing her the Sheriff’s Office had called looking for her and to call them as soon as possible. She said she called the phone number given to her and was told she had two warrants for her arrest and she needed to go to the Sheriff's Office immediately to sign paperwork. She agreed to go to the Sheriff's Office and was told to bring a $500 gift card with her to pay a fine for which she would be reimbursed for if it turned out she did not have any warrants. She was instructed to get the card, which she did, and call them and give them the number on the card, which she also did. She was then told to go to the post office and mail the card to the USPS MCO Division, which she did, and then go to the Sheriff's Office. While at the Sheriff’s Office her husband called and informed her it was a scam.

Nov 27, 2017
SCAM: 9:46 a.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he had received a call in October from someone claiming to be Alex Williams with Apple Inc., who told him his computer was infected with a virus. The man said he agreed to pay about $3,000 in iTunes gift cards for two software packages to protect his computer. When the suspect asked for additional gift cards, the man became suspicious and called Apple and learned he had been scammed.

Nov 21, 2017
SCAM: 10:50 a.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she had received a Facebook message from a friend telling her they had won $50,000 grants. The woman’s friend gave her a phone number and told her to call and ask for agent Paulsen Glenn. The woman said Glenn asked her to send a picture of her debit card and to buy $300 in iTunes gift cards, which she did. Her father learned what she was doing and told her it was a scam. The woman closed her bank accounts and is not out any money. Police spoke with the woman’s friend, who said she had not sent the Facebook messages. Police said her account appeared to be hacked.

Nov 21, 2017
SCAM: 12:16 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she received an email on her OSU account indicating she was qualified for a job making $200 a week. The woman said she was sent a check for $2,450 and asked to send $2,100 back to the sender by Western Union. The woman sent the money and later realized the check was fraudulent.

Nov 4, 2017
SCAM: 9:43 a.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he had met a woman on the Plenty of Fish dating website and exchanging revealing photographs with her. The woman’s profile stated she was 23 years old. However, an unknown man called him stating he was the girl’s father and she was 16 years old. The “father” said he needed to pay him or he would go to police, so he put $60 on a prepaid card and gave the “father” the account and pin number. The man realized this was a scam after the “father” called again requesting more money.

Oct 19, 2017
SCAM: 12:02 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported her 15-year-old son had put $1,200 worth of camera equipment on Craigslist. A man named Hernandez Gago contacted them and offered to pay through PayPal if they would ship the camera equipment to New Jersey. They did so and found out the PayPal emails they were receiving were fake.

Oct 18, 2017
SCAM: 2:30 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported a man named Mark contacted her via phone and computer saying her bank account had been emptied. The man said he could get the money back for her if she sent him money. The woman withdrew $35,000 from her bank account and deposited it into various accounts at different banks that Mark instructed her to go to. An officer contacted Mark, but he would not answer questions and hung up the phone.

Oct 17, 2017
SCAM: 3:45 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she had been contacted by a man who claimed to work for Wells Fargo and took the woman’s information. She later noticed $4,000 had been withdrawn from her account.

Oct 13, 2017
SCAM: 1:05 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported her husband planned to update their Garmin GPS device on the internet. However, he went onto a fake site and paid $180 to a man who pretended to be a Garmin technician. The couple verified with Garmin that they had fallen for a hoax.

Oct 11, 2017
SCAM: 3:30 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she received a phone call from a man who identified himself as David New and told her she had won a 2017 Mercedes Benz. The man asked the woman to provide him credit card information to pay taxes on the car. The woman said she did not give the man any information.

Sept 27, 2017
SCAM: 3:45 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman reported she felt she was being scammed. She said she was contacted by a woman who identified herself as Kristen Anderson on Roommate Finder. After communicating for two weeks, Anderson sent the woman a check. But the check was written for $2,000 more than the agreed upon amount and Anderson asked the woman to wire back to her the extra money. Before wiring the money, the woman realized it might be a scam.

Sept 21, 2017
SCAM: 2:03 p.m., [address omitted]
A woman told police she thought her computer had been hacked after she found she had contacts she had not created. She said she was contacted by Microsoft, who told her they would resolve the issue and to buy iTunes gift cards to pay for the computer repair. The woman bought $700 worth of iTunes gift cards and provided them with the numbers. The woman told police the website "" and the phone number 1-866-955-7984 were used during the scam. An officer called the phone number and spoke with someone but was not able to acquire tangible suspect information.

Sept 11, 2017
THEFT: 2:09 p.m., [address omitted]
A man reported he received a call from a man with an Indian accent claiming to be the federal police. The scammer told his victim that he filled out his admission paperwork to the University of Oregon incorrectly and had to either pay a fine or go to jail. The man agreed to pay the fine and was directed to purchase iTunes gift cards from Safeway and relay the relevant information over the phone. The man provided the scammer with $400 worth of iTunes gift cards. Police informed the man he had been scammed.

This was a small sample taken from reported scams that have happened in the past few months here in Corvallis. Again, I did not pick all of them, only a few. There are thousands that happen in every city each year. These scams can range from an attempt to receive money from you, to stealing various account credentials, purchasing a service that doesn't exist, etc.

Welcome to my mutli-part series on scams. That's about as straightforward as I can make it. This multi-part blog will touch on MANY different types of scams, as well as some more specific ones that were not mentioned above. We will cast a broad net on some, and get down to intricate details on others, so brace yourself, because this information is not only important, but in some ways frightening. We're going to ignore the 'Foreign Nigerian' scam, but we'll touch on a few that aren't too far removed from that.

Part I - Advertising Scams

Screen Shot 2018-02-20 at 2.59.13 PM.png

To kick things off, let's define adware. Adware is ads that are designed to make you click on it and purchase whatever type of product they are selling. These kinds of adware can be described as 'clickbait,' which is designed to scare, confused, or intrigue you into clicking on a specified page. Adware is incredibly easy to acquire or accidentally click. Take the screenshot, this is if you type MacKeeper into a search engine. By the way, DON'T download MacKeepr. I am using it strictly as an example and not endorsing it in the slightest. I think it does more harm than good to your computer. I can see three links to a "MacKeeper" download. If you further analyze it, or worse, click into those pages, only the third one down will take you to the actual MacKeeper webpage. If you look close enough, you can see, in green, the word "Ad" next to the top two links.

If I click on the first link, I see this (picture left). It looks legitimate, until you read the URL. Instead of, it is What does this mean for you? Be extremely careful when searching the internet, and be very cognizant of the word "Ad" next to the URL.

Screen Shot 2018-02-20 at 3.13.07 PM.png

And just to note, this can happen simply from typing in 'mac help' (pictured below) to a Google search, which yields this first result. If you click on it, it takes you to a page that looks legitimate, and has a phone number plastered across the top of it, which will take you to a call center with another attempt at a scam.

Screen Shot 2018-02-22 at 9.41.21 AM.png

It is surprising how easily ads can trick you into clicking on something accidentally. Again, take the following screenshot. This came from my PERSONAL Facebook page. It is an advertisement for piece of software(?) called Mac Software. As you also tell from the bottom-left of the screenshot, it clearly links you to, which I verified. This is one of the reasons I have written so much about MacKeeper, because this is the type of advertising they do. They steal other titles just to attempt to get you to click on their 'clickbait-esque' advertisements. Most users download MacKeeper without even truly realizing what happened. One of the things that I am pleased about is the response by many of those in the Apple community. As an avid member on Apple Discussions boards, which are user-to-user forums that allow average users to ask questions to a community of more experienced users, typing in MacKeeper immediately pulls these results:

Screen Shot 2018-02-20 at 3.24.20 PM.png

Now MacKeeper might think I am calling their software a scam, which I can't legally say, as they're known for sending their cease & desist letters to security researchers, but their advertising strategy is, in every way, shape, and form, a scam.


Fortunately, I have noticed many users starting to realize the many downfalls of this software. Even Apple Support, as they mentioned on Twitter, consider MacKeeper a form of malware. While it may not be malware in-and-of itself, it is what many companies refer to as a PUP (Potentially Unwanted Program) or PUA (Potentially Unwanted Application). One of the only companies that I have seen not identify MacKeeper is a PUA is Avira. After a little research, however, you'll notice that Avira licenses their AV engine (anti-virus engine) to MacKeeper, noted in the MacKeeper EULA (End User License Agreement) during their install.

If it hasn't been made clear, I despise this piece of software, and I have uninstalled it on an insanely, large number of machines, but MacKeeper isn't the only piece of software that gets exploited through adware.

I can comfortably say that one of, if not the, most devious and exploit pieces of software comes from Adobe - more specifically, Adobe Flash Player. Adobe Flash Player has been a long time transmitter of malware and adware to end-user's computers. If usually originates with a pop-up saying that your Flash Player is out of date. This is a scam. If you have any doubts, visit Adobe's Flash Player webpage which will allow you to download a legitimate download. It is unfathomably easy to get duped into downloading one of these fake Flash Players. To show you, check out the video. In this video, I go to a Youtube-ripping site, which converts a Youtube video into just an audio file. It just so happens that when I attempted to "convert a video," it led me to a fake Adobe Flash Player. The most hilarious part was at the end, when it asked me to download MacKeeper...they are the WORST.

The installation of a fake Adobe Flash Player found from a video to music converting website


This type of scam is frequently preceded by a picture like the one to the right, so if you see it, exit immediately. I even disassembled the the fake Adobe Flash Player and uploaded the executable file to VirusTotal, which responded with only one hit from different anti-virus companies, saying it was a part of OSX/Bundlore, which is a common form of malware. See the results below.

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The primary point is to tell you that you have to be careful when browsing the internet. Only go to reputable sites, and please try to avoid any Google search result that begins with the green letters "Ad," and if you get a popup telling you that your Adobe Flash Player is out-of-date, go directly to Adobe's website, which was linked above. 

Safe browsing!